Originally called houshan in Chinese, meaning behind the mountains, Taitung County is a hidden gem on the east coast of Taiwan that offers both breathtaking scenery and a vibrant mix of Minnan, Hakka, and Taiwanese Aboriginal cultures. Due to its relatively remote location behind the Central Mountain Range, Taitung was the last county to be colonized and developed by Han immigrants in the 19th century. Hence, the county is home to Taiwan’s largest Taiwanese Aboriginal population. Ranging from Amis, Puyuma, Tao, Paiwan, and more, each tribe has its own unique cultural traditions and customs. For a breath of fresh air away from the hustle and bustle of large metropolises like Taipei or Kaohsiung, Taitung has plenty to offer.