The Puyuma people mainly live in Taitung plains from the south coastal area of Puyuma River to the north of Jhihben River, including the Beinan Township and Taitung City. They can be divided into eight sub tribes: Jhihben, Chienho, Lichia, Taian, pina, Meilung, Chulu, Nanwang and Wenchiuan. They are also known as Eight Tribal Communities. Although they live by the sea, the Puyuma were Sinicized and relied on plow agriculture.
Flowers are important to the Puyuma people; they enjoy wearing flower wreaths symbolizing blessing and friendship. They also pass down the beauty of the culture through the action of creating beautiful flower wreaths. The yearly ritual from December 24th to January 2nd, represents ending the year. The ritual includes a series of the Puyuma peoples most important rituals to rid bad luck and evil away, while welcoming the upcoming New Year. Monkey Ritual, an adulthood ceremony for men, and the Grand Hunting Ritual, celebrate entering the youth committee, are all significant rituals of the Puyuma.